Within 6 Months
A registration and accreditation process for commercial drone owners and operators in Australia must be completed by Jan. 28, 2021. The country’s Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) requirement covers all remotely piloted aircraft flown for work, research, training, and community service. Both registration and accreditation must be completed using the myCASA online portal. Registration will be free of charge and valid for 12 months. Accreditation is also free and valid for three years. Drone registration and accreditation for people flying drones for recreation and sport is scheduled to be introduced in 2022.
Due to effects from the Covid-19 pandemic, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency has postponed for six months, to Feb. 14, 2021, compliance with revised air operations safety rules to incorporate provisions to better identify, assess, and treat the psychological fitness of air crew. Compliance with the new rules, applicable to commercial air transport operators with airplanes and helicopters, also includes mandatory alcohol testing of flight crews during ramp checks.
This notice proposes changes to organizational and operational requirements of airport certification regulations and related acceptable means of compliance and guidance materials. It also introduces new rules for airport operators, including the implementation of safety programs and the establishment of safety committees by creating a runway safety team and assigning clear responsibilities and tasks. Comments are due by Feb. 17, 2021.
The Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand has released a package of proposed changes to update its performance-based navigation (PBN) regulations. According to the CAA, the existing requirements are unclear, out of date, and do not fully support all aspects of PBN operations. To address these problems, said the CAA, the proposed revisions and associated guidance material will create a modern, fit for purpose regulatory framework that enables the potential benefits of PBN to be achieved. Comments can be submitted through February 19, 2021.
Annually the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) proposes revisions to regulations to reflect the state of the art and improve harmonization with U.S. FARs. The objective of this Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) to CS-25 large airplane certification standards is to upgrade specific requirements, such as: turboprop propeller vibrations, fabrication methods, windshield failure conditions and structural effects, and cabin interior crashworthiness. Comments on the NPA are due March 1, 2021.
The FAA seeks comments on updated aircraft noise research efforts that would be used to establish future aircraft noise policies. The FAA says it will “carefully consider public and other stakeholder input along with any additional research needed to improve the understanding of the effects of aircraft noise exposure on communities” before it makes any policy determinations on noise policies, including any revised use of the day-night average sound level noise metric. Comments on this notice are due by March 15, 2021.
Application of new rules updating flight simulators and training requirements has been postponed to March 31, 2021, because the Covid 19 pandemic and its resulting constraints have led and continue to lead to significant delays in the update process. Enacted in December 2019, the requirements were originally scheduled to apply starting August 20. The new mandate addresses approach-to-stalls; upset prevention and recovery; engine and airframe icing effects; and developing and deploying an instructor operating station feedback tool.
This Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) addresses shortcomings that have been identified in the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Part 66 maintenance licensing system requirements. The goals of the NPA are to facilitate the type-rating endorsement for certain legacy aircraft, enhance the efficiency of on-the-job training, reduce the deficit of the practical skills of maintenance staff, and update the basic knowledge syllabus. In addition, this NPA provides a solution for maintenance licenses with regard to new products that are certified by EASA without adding a new license type. Comments on the NPA are due March 31, 2021.
Comments are due March 31, 2020, on a proposed rule from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to upgrade general aviation pilot licensing requirements. In addition to revising several existing regulations to recognize advances in training methods and aircraft capability, the proposal includes changes that are expected to increase the efficiency and proportionality of flight crew licensing (Part-FCL) in the context of electric-propulsion aircraft used in general aviation operations.
The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is proposing rules that would upgrade flight simulators and training devices. This is an equipment-only proposal, affecting aircraft and simulator manufacturers, training data providers, organizations operating training devices, and the state authorities with responsibility to approve such devices. This proposal, comments for which are due March 21, 2021, is a separate and different rule than the new simulator training curricula requirements that have a compliance deadline on March 31, 2021. (See related item above.)
Improving the survivability of occupants in a water impact from a helicopter ditching is the subject of a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). The NPA would revise type certification standards for both small (Part CS-27) and large (Part CS-29) rotorcraft by requiring several design improvements. In addition, this NPA also proposes some minor enhancements to the certification specifications for new applications for approving ditching and emergency flotation provisions. Comments are due by May 31, 2021.
Within 12 Months
Due to continuing disruptions in the aviation industry from the Covid-19 pandemic, EASA has delayed the effective date of regulations implementing new standards for aircraft landing performance calculations. The new compliance date of the rules, amended on Aug. 1, 2019, and originally set to go into effect on Nov. 5, is now Aug. 12, 2021.
In response to the on-going Covid-19 pandemic and the associated challenges facing the aviation industry, ICAO has delayed for one year the applicability date of the new global reporting format (GRF) for assessing runway conditions to Nov. 4, 2021. Under an EASA notice of proposed rulemaking in 2018, the GRF was scheduled to go into effect Nov. 5, 2020. The agencies, in partnership with key international organizations, will continue to provide support to member states and stakeholders as they emerge from the current crisis and revise their implementation plans. In particular, training resources will be enhanced and awareness-raising activities will be re-launched.
Starting on Nov. 25, 2021, Canadian-registered commercial and private aircraft required to have an emergency locator transmitter cannot be operated in the country unless it is equipped with one or more ELTs that transmit simultaneously on the 406 MHz and 121.5 MHz frequencies. Foreign-registered aircraft operating in Canada must have at least one 406 MHz ELT. Currently, Canadian Aviation Regulations only require that aircraft operate with one 121.5 MHz ELT, although nearly half of the country's fleet have converted to 406 MHz ELTs.
Ten new flight operations regulations will consolidate the operating and flight rules, as well as certification and management requirements, for a variety of aircraft and operations which will apply to all pilots and operators in Australia. They will all commence on Dec. 2, 2021. The regulations covered include general operating and flight rules; certification and management of commercial aircraft operating certificates; and small and large airplanes and rotorcraft.
ADS-B Out requirements for Mexico are delayed until Jan. 1, 2022. Originally, the mandate was scheduled to go into effect January 1. According to government officials, when the requirements do take effect, they will apply to operations in Mexico Class A, B, C, E airspace and Class E airspace above 10,000 feet. It is required now in Class E airspace over the Gulf of Mexico, at and above 3,000 feet msl within 12 nm of the Mexican coast.
Beyond 12 Months
New FAR Part 89 requires that after Sept. 16, 2022, no unmanned aircraft can be produced without FAA-approved remote identification capability. After Sept. 16, 2023, no unmanned aircraft can be operated unless it is equipped with remote ID capability as described in Part 89 or is transmitting ADS-B Out under Part 91. A person operating an unmanned aircraft without remote identification must always operate within visual line of sight and in an approved FAA-recognized identification area. On Sept. 16, 2022, the FAA will begin accepting applications from listed types of organizations for FAA-recognized identification areas.
Revised Australian airport certification regulations (CASR Part 139) and an accompanying revised manual of standards (MOS) went into effect on Aug. 13, 2020. Under a transition period, operators of certified airports have until Nov. 13, 2022, to comply with the requirements and MOS publications, including developing an airport operations manual.
Revisions to duty time and rest regulations for Canadian-registered commercial operators go into effect on Dec. 12, 2020 for large air carriers (CAR Part 705), and on Dec. 12, 2022 for commuter and air taxi operators of turbine and non-turbine aircraft (CAR Parts 704 and 703). Transport Canada said the changes include: prescribed flight and duty time limits that respect modern scientific research and international standards to limit the amount of time a crew member can be on the job; and fatigue risk-management systems that will require operators to demonstrate that any variance to the prescribed flight and duty time limits will not adversely affect the level of flight crew fatigue or alertness.
Covid-19 pandemic implications have prompted New Zealand to extend its ADS-B Out compliance date for one year from the previous deadline of Dec. 31, 2021. The ADS-B provisions, already mandatory for aircraft flying above 24,500 feet, will apply in the rest of New Zealand’s controlled airspace by Dec. 31, 2022. Financial support to help aircraft owners equip with ADS-B avionics is available on a first-come, first-served basis, with up to $2,500 for ADS-B out and an additional $500 for ADS-B in.
Cockpit voice and flight data equipment requirements for commercial turbine aircraft operations (including air taxis) that were adopted in 2011 by Mexico’s aviation authority will become effective and go into force incrementally from Dec. 31, 2020 through Dec. 31, 2022, based on the number of aircraft in an operators fleet. Generally, the rules apply to turbine airplanes with 10 or more passenger seats and large turbine helicopters flying in Mexico airspace under an international air operator certificate.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to all other new jet design applications made on or after Jan, 1, 2023. The standards also apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.
The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe is Dec. 7, 2020, for aircraft receiving their certificate of airworthiness (C of A) on or after December 7. Aircraft that obtained their C of A between June 6, 1995, and Dec. 7, 2020, must arrange for retrofits to meet the ADS-B Out mandate by June 7, 2023. Both deadlines apply only to aircraft with an mtow exceeding 5,700 kg (12,566 pounds) or having a maximum cruising true airspeed capability greater than 250 knots. Aircraft with a C of A dated before June 6, 1995 are exempt from European ADS-B requirements.
New FAR Part 89 requires that after Sept. 16, 2023, no unmanned aircraft can be operated unless it is equipped with remote identification capability or is transmitting ADS-B Out under Part 91. A person operating an unmanned aircraft without remote identification must always operate within visual line of sight and in an approved FAA-recognized identification area. Part 89 describes the types of organizations that can apply for an FAA-recognized identification area.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.